Canarian chamomile and its varieties, breathtaking flowering

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Anthemis forms a shrub that is not very hardy, very floriferous, excellent for adorning a summer pot, a rock garden or a bed. There are different varietieswhich differ from the white daisy with a yellow heart: single or double flowers with an anemone heart, pink, straw yellow, cream…

1- A genre apart

The Canary Island Anthemis is still very often marketed under its old Latin name Anthemis frutescens or even Chrysanthemum frutescens . These sub-shrubs of the Canary Islands and Madeira now constitute a separate genus, comprising around twenty species. Their official name is now Argyranthemum frutescens .

Very fast growth

Quite sensitive to the cold, Canary Anthemis are often planted only for one season. Of rapid growth, they manage to constitute beautiful compact clumps of 40 to 80 cm in all directions, starting from a bucket.

A generous flowering

Their fine foliage, lobed or compound, is grayish to bright green in color. Flowering begins in spring and continues until frost in the form of numerous daisies 2.5 to 8 cm in diameter. But in warm climates, flowering tends to be in winter and spring. The shrub can indeed stop flowering during excessive summer heat.

2- Discover its many cultivars

Description of the type species

Anthemis growing between basalt rocks on the island of La Palma (Canary Islands)

The type species Argyranthemum frutescens has a crown of white ‘petals’ and a yellow heart. In reality, it is an inflorescence made up of sterile flowers (rays) all around and fertile flowers in the heart (florets).

Hybrid anthemis

Argyranthemum frutescens has generated cultivars sometimes resulting from crosses with other species. The colors vary from white to bright yellow through dark pink with a variation of pastel or two-tone tones. The shapes of flowers leave you dreaming as they become complex!

Argyranthemum ‘Butterfly’

It happens that certain hybrids appear under different genus names (Chrysanthemum, Dendranthema, Argyranthemum…) depending on the nomenclatural evolution. Don’t be surprised!

  • ‘ Butterfly’ has large single pale yellow daisies and a well-rounded habit;
  • ‘ Cornish Gold’ is bright yellow and very compact, ideal for large pots;
  • ‘ Bride’s Maid  and ‘ Mary Wootton’ show originality with their anemone heart with ligules in the shape of light pink tubes;
  • MADEIRA DOUBLE WHITE® has flowers in pure white pompoms;
  • CYMBALS DARK PINK® ‘Sun70’ delivers a large sparkling pink heart surrounded by a paler crown;
  • GRANDAISY GOLD® ‘Bonma14114’ is light yellow with a reddish brown centre;

3- For successful planting

Anthemis benefit from being planted in the spring so that they establish themselves well in the soil. They like pots as well as in the ground and they sometimes naturalize in coastal regions. Make a light, well-drained soil mix. Flowering is more intense in the sun but they tolerate partial shade well.

  • Cut off faded flowers regularly to encourage growth.
  • Cut back the plant at the end of winter if it has survived or at the end of summer in order to make cuttings.
  • It tolerates drought but beware, excessive watering associated with high temperatures cause it to wither.

4- Multiplication of Canary Island Anthemis

  • Cuttings are carried out in summer or spring on plants that have been protected indoors.
  • Take shoot tips of about 10 cm.
  • Repotting in March of Anthemis cuttings taken at the end of summer

    Place them in a light potting soil made up of half sand and half potting soil.

  • Remove the leaves from the base.
  • Push the cuttings halfway into the substrate.
  • Water and place in a steamer or in a heated mini-greenhouse.

Sowing is recommended only with the type species in order to obtain the same plant.

5- How to combine Anthemis?

Anthemis planted in a pot forms a beautiful shrub in one season that can mark an entrance, decorate a sunny balcony… Some are sold on stems to give them more height.

Their round and compact shape nicely embellishes the base of a bush rose.

Canarian anthemis also fit wonderfully into Mediterranean-style beds with lavender, sage, palm trees or in rockeries with carpeting shapes.

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